Skip to Main Content

Gardens

As you explore the gardens in the Village, you’ll quickly discover just how delightful these purely practical heritage gardens can be.

KEY: (P) perennial; (A) annual; (B) biennial

The Herb Garden

Location: Between the Laskay Emporium and the Harness Shop

Herb Garden at Black Creek Pioneer Village

This garden contains herbs that were commonly grown by settlers:

  • HYSSOP (P); flavouring for liquor and honey; oil used in perfume.
  • SWEET BASIL (A); applied when stung by wasp.
  • LAVENDER (P); cured convulsions, dropsy, fainting.
  • RUE (P); improved sight, sharpened wit, cured madness and drove out devils.
  • LEMON BALM (P); tea for headaches, fevers; stewing herb.
  • HORSERADISH (P); leaves placed in soles of shoes to relieve tired feet.
  • HOREHOUND (P); used in candy and syrup for coughs, colds, and other lung complaints.
  • COMFREY (P); used for ruptures, broken bones and to heal wounds.
  • PARSLEY (A); relieved bloating of the bowel, stomach.
  • SAGE (P); eased hoarseness and a cough, used as a diuretic
  • THYME (P); for headaches and respiratory ailments
  • CHIVES (P); a culinary herb used for flavouring
  • BEE BALM (P); leaves steeped to make tea

The Weaver's Shop Dye Garden

Doctor's Garden at Black Creek Pioneer Village

Location: Beside the Weaver's Shop, Back end of the Print Shop - UNDER RESTORATION!

The Doctor's House Garden

Location: Around the "Doctor's Home"

Black Creek is indebted to the Southern Ontario Unit of The Herb Society of America for its generosity in the development and maintenance of this garden.

Second House Vegetable Plot

Location behind Stong Family's Second House

Burwick House Garden

Location: Around the "Burwick House"

An 1860s mid-Victorian garden featuring geometric, shaped "island beds" filled with seasonal displays of bulbs & annuals. Included also, is a kitchen garden typical of the period displaying heritage varieties of herbs and vegetables.

The Stong Apple Orchard

Location: North of the Grain Barn

Apple Orchard at Black Creek Pioneer VillageApples were the most important harvest fruit of the pioneer. Next to the Grain Barn is an apple orchard containing varieties of trees that the Stong Family grew in their original orchard. These varieties of apple trees are rarely found today and include:

Rhode Island Greening - One of the oldest historic apple varieties originating in North America about 1650. One of the most important commercial varieties in the northeast during the 1800?s, second only to the Baldwin variety. The fruit is lighter green when fully ripe, with a tart flavour making it a prized pie apple. A productive variety of apples; once know to yield 20 barrels from one tree in a season, the harvest is late October.

Wolf River
- A large to enormous apple ripening in September, great for cooking, applesauce and apple butter. The story as we know it tells of William Springer as he left his homestead in Wisconsin in 1856, acquired some apple seeds known as Alexander along his journey to his new home in Quebec. Upon arriving at his new home he planted the seeds along the banks of the Wolf River near Freemont. The greenish yellow fruit with red striping would come to be known as the Wolf River variety.

St. Lawrence
- Harvested in early September, this variety is difficult to store because it?s breaks down quickly after harvest. The St. Lawrence originated in the Montreal area pre 1835. The variety was very popular in the 1800?s. Renowned in it?s time for pies, preserves, and tarts, it is an apple rarely found today.

Snow - Named for its snow white flesh, this heritage variety first grew in southern Quebec along the St. Lawrence River, from seeds brought from France in the early 1700?s or earlier. Most likely one of the parents of the McIntosh variety. The Snow ripens in early October and has a distinctive taste and texture.

Tolman Sweet
- The origins of this apple are unknown, although some believe its parents are the Sweet Greening and Old Russet varieties known in 1822. Harvested in early October the Tolman Sweet is greenish yellow apple with a unique texture and flavour that stores for a few months. It is a good baking apple; that also makes excellent hard cider.